The last chronological event written as history (as opposed to prophecy) is "the third year of Cyrus King of Persia," (Dan 10:1) which was 537 BC (pg. This, together with the first date, gives us reason to believe that the book was probably written/compiled, according to the author, sometime quite soon after 537 BC, as he would have been somewhere over eighty years old (pg. The historical evidences stem from arguments that have been alleged that there are historical errors or inaccuracies in Daniel.
Prophets weren't necessarily men who only foretold the future, but spoke the inspired words of God.
The book of Daniel (composed by the man, the prophet Daniel) itself claims to have been written in the sixth century BC, indirectly.
Chapter eleven is the focus of most of the controversy, as, according to most scholars, it gives a very detailed account of the battles of Antiochus Epiphanes.
If it weren't for the great details here, most people could assume that the book was written in the sixth century, and that the author got lucky with his vague allusions.
289), until the discovery of the Nabonidus Chronicle.
The only conclusion that one can reach, other than some other information which has been lost to us today, is that the author was indeed alive during the events, in 539 BC (Waltke, pg. The third main historical argument concerns the identity of Darius the Mede, mentioned in chapters five, six, nine, and eleven.
As for the historical arguments, there are four main contentions.
The first has to do with the reference to Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel 1 :1 .
But ever since the third century AD, when the neoplatonist, Poryphyry, write a work entitled Against Christians, questions have been raised about the authenticity of the work (Ferch, pg. Porphyry's contention is that the book must have been written in the second century BC, being merely historical narratives, since such long-range prophecies are impossible in his perspective of a closer systemic universe, void of any supernatural intervention. Driver's commentary on Daniel, proposing the same theory.
Before this, and for some time after that, the general consensus was that the book was written by Daniel in the sixth century BC, and is the truly inspired prophecy from God (vaticania ante eventu vs. The debate began again with fervor in the seventeenth through the eighteenth centuries, during the scientific revolution, when naturalism and rationalism had an upsurge. Since then, the majority of scholars generally accept the Maccabean theory without much question.
The first six chapters are the history section, telling of a Jew named Daniel of royal descent, who was taken captive along with the rest of the people from the city of Jerusalem.